Sometimes shaped like couples in music for example the “corrido”, or a mural in paint, the voice of the people was taken into account through his artists. In music for example, the most popular way of protest was the dare of raise the voice against the government with rogue couples accompanied with instruments and singing in a popular way. Even so the Mexican music composers of the formal current still working on that. The most obvious features of the Nationalism we will find them basically in the rhythmic writing like the songs of Revueltas or other prominent musicians. But not the most popular, that was “el corrido” or other couple songs of the moment and behind. For example, there is a song called la cucaracha who shows a charismatic line against the government of Venustiano Carranza.
“La cucaracha, la cucaracha “The cockroach, the cockroach
Ya no puede caminar can’t walk anymore
Porque no tiene, porque le falta because it hasn’t, because it missing
Marihuana que fumar.” marihuana to smoke”
“Ya se van los Carrancistas, “ The Carrancistas are already leaving
Ya se van por el alambre, they already go by the wire
Porque dicen los villistas because the Villistas are saying
Que se estan muriendo de hambre ” they are star starving”
This is a now a popular Mexican song around the world but with some modifications both in metric and in lyrics. Sometimes performed in ¾ meter or sometimes in 4/4, and the protest lyrics was omitted, becoming in an easy and funny kind of piece about a roach but we know the political and social content what did he have in its days.
Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Jose Clemente Orozco.
As well as in the musical field there are three of the famous Mexican artist in the nineteen century who through their paint and muralism they comprise different perspectives of the political situation and the developed of the nationalism in Mexico.
One of the most transcendent painters of Mexican culture was definitely Diego Rivera. He was from Guanajuato and drive well his technique to convey de idealism of the identity for the society those days in and out of the country. His cunning consists in how he can do an easy reading for a wide audience. Full of urban themes his paints approach to the people to have that feeling of nationalism. Rivera always showed interest in a political matter not only the problems of his own country, but others like the bed of Leon Trotsky, a Marxist leader who was extradited of Russia, a famous home situation in Coyoacan, Mexico in the Blue house, a house of him and his wife Frida Kahlo in 1940.
David Alfaro Siqueiros on the other hand showed a pain, weeping of the repressed people and define the problems of the society in a way of regret. Rebelion, sadness, fury, disappointment are some of the many images that he stroke in the city.
Jose Clemente Orozco does not try to show neither the prehispanic past nor think about a better future for Mexico, because he think that it has an oppressor of the society. His paints were complex and often tragic many times producing historical moments of Mexico such as the independence characters or political situations.
Muralism was the big share of these artist and as usual were granted by the government in his days. The muralism represented for the people the ideals of nationalism. As we can see, this kind of development of the art in Mexico was promoted as much as the painters of the country with his work and ideals well as the space provided for the government.
Alatorre Alberto, Una investigacion policial sobre “ La cucaracha”
Pauta. Cuadernos de teoria y critica musical.
Anonimus, song “ la cucaracha “ a traditional Spanish language folk song.
Manrique Jorge Alberto, La pintura en la historia Mexicana reciente.
Francis V. O’Connor, “ Rivera, Diego” (27 September 1999), http://0-www.oxfordartonline.com.lib.utep.edu/subscriber/article/grove/art/T072302?q=diego+rivera+leon+trotsky&search=quick&pos=2&_start=1#firsthit (accessed January 30,2017).